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A History Of The Cherokee

   Their Empire once stretched from the western Carolinas up to the northern border of Kentucky, down through Tennessee towards northern Georgia and Alabama. They were driven out of the Great Lakes area after a fierce batttle with the Delewares and the Iroquois.

  • 1670 The first white contact.
  • 1738 Small pox killed off one-half of the population.
  • 1754 They fought in the French-Indian War.
  • 1775 First land deal, Transylvania Land Co.
  • 1785 Treaty Of Hopewell.
  • 1791 Treaty Of Holston, plows and tools.
  • 1808 First central Cherokee government.
  • 1809 Written laws.
  • 1812 The Creek War.
  • 1821 The Cherokee alphabet.(Sequoia).
  • 1827 The Cherokee constitution. John Ross ( ? -1866), becomes the principle chief of the Cherokee Nation 1827-1866.
  • 1828 Gold is discovered on tribal land.
  • 1829 Indian Removal Act.
  • 1830 Treaty Of New Echota.
  • 1830 Treaty Of Dancing Rabbit Creek.
  • 1831 Cherokee Nation vs. Georgia.
  • 1832 Samuel A. Worcester vs. Georgia.
  • 1833 Georgia lottery for tribal lands.
  • 1838 Seven thousand government troops start the Trail Of Tears, one  quarter of the tribe die by 1839.
  • 1839 The council of Old Settlers, and the New Ones.
  • 1844 "The Cherokee Advocate" replaces "The Phoenix".
  • 1851 Schools for the Cherokee.
  • 1861 The Civil War, Cherokee troops fight for the South.
  • 1862 The Homestead Act.
  • 1866 D.H. Cooley Treaty for crimes of succession.
  • 1870 The Railroad takes Indian land.
  • 1880 Proclomation is made: No Indian Territory is open for settlement.
  • 1887 Dawes Act,140 million acres whittled down to 55 million acres.
  • 1889 The Railroad took control of "unassigned" land, opening the door for the Sooners.
  • 1893 The Chereokee Nation is forced to sell the Cherokee Outlet.
  • 1898 Curtis Act abolished Tribal Courts and laws.
  • 1906 "The Final Disposition Of The Affairs Of The Indian Territories".
  • 1907 Oklahoma statehood.
  • 1949 Truman makes Keeler chief.
  • 1967 The original Cherokee Community Organization.
  • 1973 "'When Shall They Rest?', The Cherokee's Long Struggle With America" by Peter Collier.

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